TEETH AND GUMS

With diabetes, your body has a tough time fighting off infections, including bacterial infections of the mouth and gums. Poor sugar control makes gum problems more likely. Make sure you see the dentist every 6 months for a thorough examination of your teeth and gums, as well as a professional cleaning.

Your dentist will pick up any early problems, before they become severe. Plaque, which is a mixture of food, saliva and germs, settles at the base of the teeth on the gum line, and if not regularly brushed away, causes gum infections. After a while it hardens into tarter, which only your dentist can remove. If tarter and plaque continue to build up, you could develop gingivitis which is a disease of the gums, and ultimately to the loss of teeth.

Brush and floss regularly

  • Check your gums for bleeding when flossing or brushing
  • Check for gums pulling away from teeth
  • Make sure your gums are not red or swollen
  • Make sure you have no loose permanent teeth
  • Check for bad breath
  • Check for red or white patches on your tongue or the roof of your mouth
  • If you have a dry mouth it could be your blood sugar levels are too high
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